About this Show

ABC World News With Diane Sawyer

News/Business. Diane Sawyer. The latest world and national news. New. (HD) (CC)

NETWORK
ABC

DURATION
00:30:00

RATING

SCANNED IN
Annapolis, MD, USA

SOURCE
Comcast Cable

TUNER
Channel 77 (543 MHz)

VIDEO CODEC
mpeg2video

AUDIO CODEC
ac3

PIXEL WIDTH
528

PIXEL HEIGHT
480

TOPIC FREQUENCY

U.s. 17, Gadhafi 10, Diane 7, Christine 4, Abc 4, Us 4, Libya 3, America 3, Dr. Richard Besser 2, Nato 2, Centrum 2, Katie 2, Terry Moran 2, Robin 2, United States 2, Dan Harris 2, Dr. Scholl 2, Walmart 2, Diabetes 2, Nausea 2,
Borrow a DVD
of this show
  ABC    ABC World News With Diane Sawyer    News/Business. Diane Sawyer. The latest  
   world and national news. New. (HD) (CC)  

    March 28, 2011
    6:30 - 7:00pm EDT  

6:30pm
tonight on "world news," question sell it? president obama tells americans why he is risking u.s. fighters and all those billions of dollars in libya. women versus walmart. the nation's biggest employer heads to a showdown in the nation's top court and the subject is sex discrimination. curing diabetes? could surgery -- look at this woman before and now this woman after. could surgery work for 14 million obese americans with type ii of the disease. and seven years old and sexy? a big company selling push-up bikinis for little girls as a lot of americans are wising up
6:31pm
today to say it's time to draw the line. good evening and thank you for joining us this monday. in less than one hour the president will take to the airwaves to try to convince americans that it was the right decision for the u.s. to be part of the allied fight in libya. a third battle front for the united states. with a lot of military force on the line and costing possibly billions. our jake tapper is standing by in the hall where the president is about to arrive at the national defense university in washington. jake, do you have the headline on what he's going to say? >> reporter: good evening, diane. well, president obama tonight according to white house sources is going to try to bring the american people into his decision-making process. this quick decision that he made explaining why the u.s. moved so quickly to stop a potential massacre of libyan civilians and
6:32pm
also why the u.s. worked the way it did, to work internationally so as to prevent a -- getting bogged down in yet another war. after ten days of the coalition pounding gadhafi's forces, president obama will tonight take his case to the american people. here's what he said over the weekend. >> when someone like gadhafi threatens a bloodbath that could destabilize an entire region and when the international community is prepared to come together to save many thousands of lives, then it's in our national interest to act. >> reporter: the president will underline that the u.s. will not be sending in ground troops and that nato not the u.s. has assumed command and control responsibilities. but it's unclear if the president will tackle the many difficult questions such as how long will u.s. participation in this operation continue? do you think we'll be gone by the end of the year? will the mission be over by the end of the year. >> i don't think anybody knows. >> reporter: how much will it end up costing the first week
6:33pm
cost roughly $600 million including launching 192 u.s. tomahawks at $1.4 million each. and what's the endgame for the u.s.? removing gadhafi from power is not a goal of the military campaign, though it's what the u.s. wants. theoretically the coalition could successfully maintain a no-fly zone and its air assault could stop gadhafi's forces from attacking civilians with gadhafi remaining in power. >> i can't sitting here today predict to you exactly how it's going to play out. >> reporter: and, diane, another significant question, is what kind of precedent does this set? will the u.s. get involved every time a dictator starts slaughtering his people as is happening in several other hot spots. if the u.s. will not do that, why not? these are some questions the american people have on this tenth day of this military campaign, diane. >> and questions about his speech to be answered in just minutes. thank you, jake. i want to bring in george
6:34pm
stephanopoulos now, because, george, what are they saying in the white house about why he's speaking ten days into the action? >> they're saying he's spoken before but you hit on an important point. everything bit, the timing ten days in, after the bulk of the operation is turned over fully to nato, the setting, the national defense university, not the oval office and the tone the president is going to take tonight are sending the message that the heavy lifting is over. the united states is not going to get socked no a third major war in the muslim world. the press will emphasize that tonight. >> no ground troops, no ground troops. >> that's exactly what the public wants to hear. there is some qualified support for this right now, diane, about 47% of the american public supports this operation right now but that's quite low compared to where iraq was at the beginning, 76%, afghanistan at the beginning, 90% support and we saw what happened to those operations over time. the public support drained away. the president knows that could happen here, as well, which is why he's going to emphasize limited in scope, limited in time. >> and questions, of course,
6:35pm
about the u.s. national interest and where you draw the line. >> this is an important interest but not a vital u.s. interest. >> that's what we heard over the weekend, thank you, george. we want you to know that george and i will be here bringing you special live coverage of the president's address to the nation starting at 7:30 eastern time. and we also want to know the questions you want the president to answer tonight and hear what you think after the speech so head to abcnews.com. you can join the conversation through facebook connect. we will be reading what you say and tomorrow i'll be sitting down one-on-one for an interview with the president. and in libya the rebels are on the move. so how close are they now to gadhafi his family. alec mark quart in benghazi has the latest on their steady march forward. alex. >> reporter: diane, the rebels are fighting on the doorstep to gadhafi a hometown of sirte taking the city would be a hugely symbolic and deadvicive move.
6:36pm
rebels are on the march with his stronghold in their sights. but gadhafi's forces are fighting back. since saturday, the rebels have been on a roll pushing west recapturing oil towns without a fight now trying to take his hometown, the first stop in the west in the plan to march on tripoli. there are lightning fast advancing, their turnaround has been paved by international air strikes. coalition jets swooping in taking out gadhafi's tanks and missile launchers giving the rebels the upper hand. >> we would have fought but it would have been a massacre just because of the weapons they has. we would have been no match. you know, no matter how brave we were. >> reporter: this man grew up in austin, texas, and now is here. trying to give the story of the struggle against gadhafi an ending many are hopeful they'll see. >> it's going to be really happy for us, tragic for him and i think well deserved and then i hope he goes to hell. >> reporter: still, for all the
6:37pm
quest, the american general leading the coalition tells abc news tonight he's worried the rebels may be moving too fast leaving themselves vulnerable to attacks by gadhafi. the rebels still face a long road ahead. diane. >> our thanks to alex marquardt. walmart, 1.4 million in the u.s. heads to the supreme court brought there by six women who say they were subjected to years of sex discrimination, passed over for promotions, paid less than men and arguing if it happened to them, it hurt as many as hundreds of thousands of other women. terry moran covers the court for us. >> reporter: it's taken ten long years but christine has finally made it to the supreme court of the united states. >> and here i'm rocking the whole company and doing it for myself. i'm doing it for every woman afraid to do it for herself. >> reporter: christine is one of the lead plaintiffs in the case against walmart and she's accusing the company of
6:38pm
discriminating against her and against perhaps as many as 1.5 million other women, former and current employees. it was an old boy culture and old boy network for pay and promotions. >> i asked about why the males were making more money, basically i was told they had a family to support. at the time i was a single mom with two kids. >> reporter: other allegations in the case, some local managers held business meetings at hooters restaurants and women were referred to as little janie qs by some senior management but is all that if it's true really typical for all women working at walmart? that's what the supreme court will try to answer in this case. among other statistics, plaintiffs' lawyers have presented evidence that women make up more than 70% of walmart's hourly workforce but just a third of store managers. >> whomen desperately need thes jobs 0 support themselves and their family and even if they're
6:39pm
underpaid and even if they're passed over for pro-moog that is they deserve, they can't leave. >> reporter: but walmart denies it discriminates against women. cases like christine's are isolated case, the company argues so a gigantic class action like this one makes no legal sense or common sense. >> plaintiffs in this case want to lump over 1.5 million women who work for walmart into the case. whether they want to be or not. >> reporter: for christine and others it's not that complicated. >> if i'm doing the same job as a male is, i should get the same pay. >> reporter: so this case is really about how easy or how hard it should be for workers from different parts of a company with different experiences to sue their employers. it's the biggest business case in year, diane, and what this court decides will lay down the rules of the road between business and labor for decades 0 come. >> terry, i know you've seen a lot of big ones but this will be seismic tomorrow and you'll report for us tomorrow night.
6:40pm
thank you, terry moran. and now the news in the nuclear power disaster continuing in the pacific. the japanese power company admitted three nuclear reactors are still in very serious trouble. possibly verging on the specter of a multiple meltdown. so exactly what would a multiple meltdown do? david wright answers that tonight from japan. >> reporter: we learned that highly con tame natured water is leaking into the ocean, and elevated levels of plutonium are in soil samples taken near the reactors. >> this is like a boiling pot and the lid is shaking on it and it's too hot to handle. they're trying to get control of it. >> reporter: a nuclear reactor produces energy from the steam of boiled water. the steam is radioactive, so is the fuel that lights the fire inside the concrete and steel containment vessel that's now starting to crack. >> three mile island, about 90% of the core was destroyed. but the vessel held. that's why we did not have to
6:41pm
evacuate large portions of pennsylvania. but here apparently there's a crack, a crack in the vessel by which radiation is escaping. >> reporter: nuclear inspector yokato spent five days inside with the workers sleeping in hallways and meeting rooms. after just five days he was exposed to nearly a year's worth of radiation. >> wearing a slow motion meltdown that the problems are mounting faster than the japanese ability to fix them. >> reporter: keep in mind it isn't just one boiling pot on the stove it's four of them out of control, the nightmare scenario multiple meltdowns releasing huge quantities of radiation into the atmosphere. >> the total amount of radiation released from these reactors and fuel ponds could equal even surpass chernobyl. we just don't know yet. >> reporter: that's the doomsday scenario but late today some good news in from the atomic energy agency and say they believe they've cooled to a point that a kwield explosion is
6:42pm
now out of the question and they say that barring something completely unpredictable they don't foresee any dramatic spikes in radiation. let's hope they're right, diane. >> all right, david, certainly seems the story shifts day by day. and we want to get some perspective on the reports that trace amounts of radiation from fukushima continue making their way across america. now reported as far east as massachusetts found in rainwater and as far south as florida in the air there. but just how small are these trace amounts? well, experts say think about it this way, if this is the radiation outside the japanese plant of japan, this, a lot less is the radiation you get from a cross country flight across the u.s. and this is the radiation from a dental x-ray. this is the radiation from the potassium in a banana and the amounts being found in rainwater so far right here in the u.s., that teeny dot are a fraction of
6:43pm
a banana. that's how much it represents. so still ahead on "world news" -- should a 7-year-old wear a grown-up bikini? it's time for americans to examine the question, what about marketing sexy to very little girls? and a kind of surgery that could help the nearly 25 million americans with type ii diabetes and help may be within days. when your eyes are smiling... you're smiling. and when they're laughing... you're laughing. be kind to your eyes... with transitions lenses. transitions adapt to changing light so you see your whole day comfortably... and conveniently while protecting your eyes from the sun. ask your eyecare professional which transitions lenses are right for you.
6:44pm
i don't always let the worry my pipes might leak compromise what i like to do. i take care with vesicare, because i have better places to visit than just the bathroom. ( announcer ) once-daily vesicare can help control your bladder muscle, and is proven to treat overactive bladder with symptoms of frequent urges and leaks, day and night. if you have certain stomach or glaucoma problems, or trouble emptying your bladder, do not take vesicare. vesicare may cause allergic reactions that may be serious. if you experience swelling of the face, lips, throat or tongue, stop taking vesicare and get emergency help. tell your doctor right away if you have severe abdominal pain or become constipated for three or more days. vesicare may cause blurred vision, so use caution while driving or doing unsafe tasks. common side effects are dry mouth, constipation, and indigestion. ( woman ) you have better things to join than always a line for the bathroom. so, pipe up and ask your doctor today about taking care with vesicare.
6:45pm
[ male announcer ] when the food we eat has nutritional gaps... so do we. but with more key nutrients than one-a-day essential, centrum fills those gaps better. centrum. complete from a to zinc. well, we're here to get you custom orthotic inserts. we can't afford that. yes, we can. dr. scholl's custom fit orthotic center. foot-care scientists are behind it. ( man ) you have flat feet... no way... way. orthotic 440 is recommended. it recommends the custom-fit orthotic insert that's best for your feet. you'll get all-day relief. for your tired, achy feet. and you could save a couple hundred bucks. sweet. this is great. dr. scholl's custom fit orthotic center. thank you... who are you talking to ? for locations, see drscholls.com. [ female announcer ] wake up to sweetness with honey nut cheerios cereal. kissed with real honey. and the 100% natural whole grain oats can help lower your cholesterol. you are so sweet to me. bee happy. bee healthy.
6:46pm
and tonight around kitchen tables across america an argument has been lit targeting little girls here. and the match to that fuse, the retailer abercrombie & fitch selling push-up bikini tops but there are a lot of other companies causing parents to say, enough! and claire shipman asked parents and kids where exactly they draw the line. >> reporter: every so often we get another jolt. a startling reminder that our girls are pushed to grow older so much younger. this time, a padded push-up straight bikini top aimed at girls as young as 7. >> oh, my. >> reporter: the uproar caused abercrombie and fitch to rename the suit. push-up has been stopped but it's still in the stores but sex
6:47pm
sells big time and it's not just abercrombie pushing a sultry look to kid but a $43 billion a year market and it appears to be working. 9-year-old alia says she watches it all. do you feel a lot of pressure to look good or to look a certain way? >> no. it's just if you're pretty, a lot of people come up to you and like, oh, you're so pretty. >> reporter: you could look or dress any way and look, you know, glamorous or beautiful or sexy, what would you wear? >> sparkly dress with heels. >> reporter: they've come a long way from the mickey mouse club and the brady bunch to be sure. the psychological cost of marketing sex to youngsters is enormous say experts. >> the more they internalize this they more likely they'll experience anxiety, depression, low self-esteem. >> reporter: and battling it can be tough tore parents. grace and olivia count
6:48pm
california girls among their favorites. the struggle to find appropriate clothing when she can squirt whipped cream out of her bra. >> i don't really like it. >> reporter: but tweens do seem to know when something may be not just right. what do you think of tops like this? >> no. >> reporter: so maybe every so often we need something like a debate over a stiff bikini top to remind parents they're the last line of defense before very disturbing territory. claire shipman, abc news, washington, d.c. >> a torrent of comments and we want to hear yours. coming up -- is there a possible cure for the nearly 14 million of these americans suffering from type ii diabetes? and playmate. er do you think i'd let osteoporosis slow me down? so i asked my doctor about reclast because i heard
6:49pm
it's the only once-a-year iv osteoporosis treatment. he told me all about it and i said that's the one for nana. he said reclast can help restrengthen my bones to help make them resistant to fracture for twelve months. and reclast is approved to help protect from fracture in many places: hip, spine, even other bones. [ male announcer ] you should not take reclast if you're on zometa, have low blood calcium, or kidney problems. or if you're pregnant, plan to become pregnant or are nursing. take calcium and vitamin d daily. tell your doctor if you develop severe muscle, bone or joint pain, if you have dental problems, or if you develop new or unusual pain in your hip, groin, or thigh. the most common side effects include flu like symptoms, fever, muscle or joint pain headache, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. share the world with the ones you love! and ask your doctor about reclast. once-a-year reclast. year-long protection for on-the-go women. once-a-year reclast. ooh, the price sure doesn't. i'm tired of shopping around. [ sigh ] too bad you're not buying car insurance.
6:50pm
like that's easy. oh, it is. progressive direct showed me their rates and the rates of their competitors. i saved hundreds when switching. we could use hundreds. yeah. wake up and smell the savings. out there with a better way. now, that's progressive. miracle-gro results ever? spectacular plants without all the weeds. with miracle-gro shake 'n feed plus weed preventer. just a few shakes stops weeds .before they start. plants grow twice as big. with almost no weeds. even in your vegetable garden. want three months of feeding, withut all the weeding? ♪ all you need... is shake 'n feed plus weed preventer. add listerine® total care for more complete oral care. ♪ it works in six different ways to restore enamel,
6:51pm
strengthen teeth, freshen breath, help prevent cavities, and kill bad breath germs for a whole mouth clean. so go beyond the brush with listerine® total care. the most complete mouthwash. and for visibly whiter teeth, try listerine® total care plus whitening. and now we want to bring you medical news. for millions of americans battling type ii diabetes, here's dr. richard besser with something making headlines today. >> reporter: doctors have discovered something incredible. gastric bypass surgery may actually reverse type ii diabetes almost instantly before patients lose an ounce of weight. how quickly might they come off insulin. >> some come off without hours if not days of surgery. >> reporter: hours? >> yes, before they leave the hospital they'll never use insulin again. >> reporter: gastric bypass surgery works by reducing the size of the stomach so you eat less and shortens the intestine
6:52pm
so you absorb fewer calories but how the procedure normal lyzes blood sugar remains unclear. >> the fast effectiveness is due to we think an elaboration of hormones made by the intestines, these are called increatins. >> reporter: katie suffered complications from diabetes for 16 years. >> it was horrible. diabetes controlled my life. i was so worried that i was going to die. >> reporter: that you wouldn't be there to see your son grow up. >> i was so fearful that that would happen. >> reporter: at 5'2" she weighed 198 pounds. but like many diabetics on insulin dieting was difficult and exercise painful. >> i was tired all the time from my blood sugars being extremely high. my knees ached. my body ached. >> reporter: soon after gastric bypass she was off insulin even before losing 75 pounds. now she's saving thousands in medical costs and has gone through 180 shots a month to
6:53pm
none and she works out every day. give me three words to describe katie now. >> healthy. >> reporter: healthy. >> healthy, healthy, healthy. i'll race you. >> reporter: dr. richard besser, abc news, new york. >> and coming up, changing your life with one tiny tube. we'll tell you about it next. [ robin ] my name is robin.
6:54pm
and i was a pack-a-day smoker for 25 years. i do remember sitting down with my boys, and i'm like, "oh, promise mommy
6:55pm
you'll never ever pick up a cigarette." i had to quit. ♪ my doctor gave me a prescription for chantix, a medication i could take and still smoke, while it built up in my system. [ male announcer ] chantix is a non-nicotine pill proven to help people quit smoking. it reduces the urge to smoke. some people had changes in behavior, thinking or mood, hostility, agitation, depressed mood and suicidal thoughts or actions while taking or after stopping chantix. if you notice any of these symptoms or behaviors, stop taking chantix and call your doctor right away. tell your doctor about any history of depression or other mental health problems, which could get worse while taking chantix. if you develop serious allergic or skin reactions, stop taking chantix and see your doctor right away as some of these can be life-threatening. don't take chantix if you've had a serious allergic or skin reaction to it. dosing may be different if you have kidney problems. until you know how chantix affects you, use caution when driving or operating machinery. common side effects include nausea, trouble sleeping and unusual dreams.
6:56pm
♪ my benjamin, he helped me with the countdown. "ben, how many days has it been?" "5 days, mom. 10 days, mom." i think after 30 days he got tired of counting. [ male announcer ] ask your doctor about chantix. and now through march 31st, get a limited-time money saving offer and see terms and conditions at chantix.com. and finally tonight we say good-bye to an ingenious american original, harry cuver jr. who died at the age of 94. and what he did to change your life is probably in your kitchen drawer right now.
6:57pm
what would we have done without it? here's dan harris. >> reporter: take it from me, i'm harry coover. i invented super glue. >> reporter: it was by accident that he discovered it. an insaengs that originally went by the rather clunky name of alcohol catalyzed cino crylate adhesion. >> it really involved one day of serendipity and about ten years of hard work. >> reporter: it was world war ii and he was working as a research chemist at eastman kodak when he noticed one of the materials with which he was experimenting made everything stick together. what at first was a problem he ultimately saw as an opportunity, one that made him one of america's famous inventors. >> the only thing between my 150 pounds and that wire will be one drop of glue.
6:58pm
>> reporter: super glue had gee-whiz politics but he was most proud of its use by medics in the vietnam war to quickly seal up soldiers' wounds. >> reporter: in 2009 president obama awarded him the national medal of technology. interestingly coover never made much money off his invention. it didn't become commercially successful until after the patent ran out. he went on to receive 45 the other patents but he was happy to be best known for what he called his most outstanding invention. >> more thick, more quick. >> reporter: dan harris, abc news, new york. >> thanks, harry. and thank you for watching. we're always on at abcnews.com and george and i will be here in minutes for the president's speech. ♪
6:59pm
♪ ♪ [ male announcer ] with amazing innovation, driven by relentless competition, wireless puts the world at your command. ♪ wireless puts the world at your command.